Span of Management

Also known as span of control, is a very important concept of organizing function of management. It refers to the number of subordinates that can be handled effectively by a superior in an organization. It signifies how the relations are planned between superior and subordinates in an organization. Span of management is generally categorized under […]

Meanings and Importance of Financial Statement Analysis

All financial statements are essentially historically historical documents. They tell what has happened during a particular period of time. However most users of financial statements are concerned about what will happen in the future. Stockholders are concerned with future earnings and dividends. Creditors are concerned with the company’s future ability to repay its debts. Managers […]

10 Characteristics of Effective Quality Management Systems

Quality management systems can become cumbersome and bureaucratic if not properly developed, implemented and maintained. Effective quality management systems have ten common characteristics that I have discovered in my consulting practice over the past couple of decades. These common denominators of quality management, when properly implemented, can improve your organization’s ability to satisfy customer and […]

Something About Money You Don’t Know

Money- It’s the universal currency that all civilized human beings are familiar with. So what is money? Or precisely, How do you “see” money? Money means differently to everyone. It can represent power and authority. A measurement of success or contribution. Maybe happiness? Perhaps, some see it as only a piece of paper and they […]

The 5R’s in Waste Management

The 5 R’s – The key factors that are to be remembered in respect of waste management are – Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Recover and Replace. 1. Reduce – wherever possible reduce waste production. One can always reduce waste production by following these simple guidelines: a. Use or buy only what is needed – when there […]

Uses of Audited Financial Statements

There are many uses of audited financial statements. Some of the common uses include submitting to the relevant authority such as company commission and tax offices. These are the two interested parties of these statements. Other interested parties include investors, creditors of the company and shareholders as well. So, what are the purposes of audited […]